<span id="fyzqo"></span>
      1. 学生阶段

        初中英语语法—一般过去时详解和习题

        • 字号:  
        • 作者:
        • 出自:
        • 发布时间:2013-04-17 17:20:46
        • 浏览:25
        一般过去时主要表示过去某时发生的动作或情况。可以从以下几个方面来理解:1)过去某个时间所发生的动作或存在的状态。e.g. I bought a new shirt yesterday. He was a worker two years ago.2)过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。e.g. When I was a child,I often played with fire. Li Lei always walked to school last term.3)谈到已故人的情况时多用过去时。e.g. Lu Xun was a great writer.4)有些发生时间不是很清楚的情况,实际是过去发生的,也应用过去时态。e.g. What did you say?

           另外,还可用过去时表示委婉的语气。e.g. Could you lend me your pen?

           其结构是主语 动词的过去式。be动词的过去式为was, were;行为动词的过去式有规则变化和不规则变化两种,规则变化有以下几种情况:1)直接在动词原形末尾加-ed. e.g. work-----worked; ask------asked; 2)以e结尾的动词只加-d. e.g. arrive-----arrived; like-----liked.3)末尾只有一个辅音字母 的重读闭音节,应先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed. e.g. shop-----shopped; 4)以辅音字母 y结尾的动词,先把y变成i,再加-ed. e.g. carry----carried; study------studied.有些动词变过去式是不规则的,e.g. fly------flew; break-----broke; teach-----taught. 这些需要象生单词 一样记住.

           其句式变化分为两种情况1)含有be动词的依然在be上做文章. e.g. I was born in 1980. I was not born in 1980. Were you born in 1980? 2)含有行为动词的变否定句要在行为动词前加助动词didn"t.,同时把动词变成原形; 变一般疑问句,在句首加助动词did,同时把动词变成原形. e.g. I bought a gift for my mum yesterday. I didn"t buy a gift for my mum yesterday. Did you buy a gift for your mum yesterday?

          其时间状语为yesterday或由其构成的短语,e.g. yesterday morning; 由last 时间构成的短语, e.g. last year; 由时间段 ago构成的短语, e.g. three days ago; 另外,还有on the morning of Monday, just now等,以及一些表示过去时态的从句.注意,在宾语从句中主句为过去,一般从句也为过去.

           常见错误如下:

           一 把动词变成过去式易出错

           例: 1 They stoped (stop) talking just now.

           2 They plaied (play) football yesterday.

           答案: 1 stopped 2 played

           解析:我们可以记住下面的口诀:动词变成过去式,双写规律要牢记;y前若是辅音字,y变i加-ed;y前若是元音字,只须直接加-ed.

           二忘记把动词变成过去式

           例: I fly (fly) kites on the afternoon of Sunday.

           答案: flew

           解析:我们可以记住下面的口诀:一般过去时态里,过去形式莫忘记.

          自主检测:

          (一 )选择

          1 She lived there before he____to China.

           A. came B. comes C. come D. coming

          2 I _____but_____nothing.

           A . was listened;was hearing B. listened;heard

           C . have listened; heard D. listened; heard of

          3 When did you ____here?

           A. got to B. reached C. arrive in D. reach

          4 I____my homework at 7:00 yesterday evening.

           A. finished B. would finish C. was finishing D. finish

          5 -He didn"t go shopping with you yesterday afternoon, did he?

           - _______.

          A. No, he doesn"t B. Yes, he didn"t C. No, he did D. Yes, he did.

          6 -I have had supper.

           - When ____you____it?

           A. have; had B. do, have C. did,have D. will have

          答案: 1 A 2 B 3 D 4 A 5 D 6 C

          (二) 填空

          1 They____(be) on the farm a moment ago.

          2 There____(be)a shop not long ago.

          3 Jenny____(not go)to bed until 11:00 o"clock last night.

          4 Danny _____(read )English five minutes ago.

          5 I _____(see)Li Lei ____(go) out just now.

          6 He ____(do)his homework every day. But he __(not do)it yesterday.

          7 When I was young, I _____(play)games with my friends.

          8 When ____you_____(write)this book?

           I _____it last year.

          9 Did he____(have) lunch at home?

          10 I _____(eat) the bread, I "m full now.

          答案:1 were 2 was 3 didn"t go 4 read 5 saw go

           6 does ; didn"t do 7 played 8 did write ; wrote 9 have 10 have eaten

          三 在句式变换时易出错

           例: 1 We didn"t went (not go) out last Friday.

           2 Did you had (have) a good time yesterday?

           答案: 1 didn"t go 2 Did have

           解析:请记住口诀见助动, 用原形.

           四易与单三人称作主语的一般现在时弄混

           例: He taughts (teach) me English last year.

           答案: taught

           解析:行为动词的过去式无人称和数的变化.即使主语是单三人称,也和其它人称所用动词的形式一样.

           五易与现在完成时弄混

          例: 我看过这部电影

           I saw(see) the film.

           答案: I have seen (see) the film.

           解析:我看过这部电影说明我了解这部电影的内容,强调现在的情况,应用现在完成时;

           一般过去时态的句子只是说明我看了这场电影,与现在无关..

           六易与过去进行时弄混,这里不在重复。

          一般过去时主要表示过去某时发生的动作或情况。可以从以下几个方面来理解:1)过去某个时间所发生的动作或存在的状态。e.g. I bought a new shirt yesterday. He was a worker two years ago.2)过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。e.g. When I was a child,I often played with fire. Li Lei always walked to school last term.3)谈到已故人的情况时多用过去时。e.g. Lu Xun was a great writer.4)有些发生时间不是很清楚的情况,实际是过去发生的,也应用过去时态。e.g. What did you say?

           另外,还可用过去时表示委婉的语气。e.g. Could you lend me your pen?

           其结构是主语 动词的过去式。be动词的过去式为was, were;行为动词的过去式有规则变化和不规则变化两种,规则变化有以下几种情况:1)直接在动词原形末尾加-ed. e.g. work-----worked; ask------asked; 2)以e结尾的动词只加-d. e.g. arrive-----arrived; like-----liked.3)末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed. e.g. shop-----shopped; 4)以辅音字母 y结尾的动词,先把y变成i,再加-ed. e.g. carry----carried; study------studied.有些动词变过去式是不规则的,e.g. fly------flew; break-----broke; teach-----taught. 这些需要象生单词一样记住.

           其句式变化分为两种情况1)含有be动词的依然在be上做文章. e.g. I was born in 1980. I was not born in 1980. Were you born in 1980? 2)含有行为动词的变否定句要在行为动词前加助动词didn"t.,同时把动词变成原形; 变一般疑问句,在句首加助动词did,同时把动词变成原形. e.g. I bought a gift for my mum yesterday. I didn"t buy a gift for my mum yesterday. Did you buy a gift for your mum yesterday?

          其时间状语为yesterday或由其构成的短语,e.g. yesterday morning; 由last 时间构成的短语, e.g. last year; 由时间段 ago构成的短语, e.g. three days ago; 另外,还有on the morning of Monday, just now等,以及一些表示过去时态的从句.注意,在宾语从句中主句为过去,一般从句也为过去.

           常见错误如下:

           一 把动词变成过去式易出错

           例: 1 They stoped (stop) talking just now.

           2 They plaied (play) football yesterday.

           答案: 1 stopped 2 played

           解析:我们可以记住下面的口诀:动词变成过去式,双写规律要牢记;y前若是辅音字,y变i加-ed;y前若是元音字,只须直接加-ed.

           二忘记把动词变成过去式

           例: I fly (fly) kites on the afternoon of Sunday.

           答案: flew

           解析:我们可以记住下面的口诀:一般过去时态里,过去形式莫忘记.

          自主检测:

          (一 )选择

          1 She lived there before he____to China.

           A. came B. comes C. come D. coming

          2 I _____but_____nothing.

           A . was listened;was hearing B. listened;heard

           C . have listened; heard D. listened; heard of

          3 When did you ____here?

           A. got to B. reached C. arrive in D. reach

          4 I____my homework at 7:00 yesterday evening.

           A. finished B. would finish C. was finishing D. finish

          5 -He didn"t go shopping with you yesterday afternoon, did he?

           - _______.

          A. No, he doesn"t B. Yes, he didn"t C. No, he did D. Yes, he did.

          6 -I have had supper.

           - When ____you____it?

           A. have; had B. do, have C. did,have D. will have

          答案: 1 A 2 B 3 D 4 A 5 D 6 C

          (二) 填空

          1 They____(be) on the farm a moment ago.

          2 There____(be)a shop not long ago.

          3 Jenny____(not go)to bed until 11:00 o"clock last night.

          4 Danny _____(read )English five minutes ago.

          5 I _____(see)Li Lei ____(go) out just now.

          6 He ____(do)his homework every day. But he __(not do)it yesterday.

          7 When I was young, I _____(play)games with my friends.

          8 When ____you_____(write)this book?

           I _____it last year.

          9 Did he____(have) lunch at home?

          10 I _____(eat) the bread, I "m full now.

          答案:1 were 2 was 3 didn"t go 4 read 5 saw go

           6 does ; didn"t do 7 played 8 did write ; wrote 9 have 10 have eaten

          三 在句式变换时易出错

           例: 1 We didn"t went (not go) out last Friday.

           2 Did you had (have) a good time yesterday?

           答案: 1 didn"t go 2 Did have

           解析:请记住口诀见助动, 用原形.

           四易与单三人称作主语的一般现在时弄混

           例: He taughts (teach) me English last year.

           答案: taught

           解析:行为动词的过去式无人称和数的变化.即使主语是单三人称,也和其它人称所用动词的形式一样.

           五易与现在完成时弄混

          例: 我看过这部电影

           I saw(see) the film.

           答案: I have seen (see) the film.

           解析:我看过这部电影说明我了解这部电影的内容,强调现在的情况,应用现在完成时;

           一般过去时态的句子只是说明我看了这场电影,与现在无关..

           六易与过去进行时弄混,这里不在重复。

        全部评论

        站内网友言论仅代表个人观点,并不代表本站同意其观点,本站不承担由此引起的法律责任。

        • 我要评论
          注:*号部分属于必填内容请仔细填写

        最新英语学习资料

        推荐英语学习资料

        一肖中特最新消息-永久免费一肖中特-怎么买平特一肖的方法
        m.2121buy.com m.304496092.com m.52chendumeishi.com m.52qqcz.com m.7568872.com m.99vv340.com m.agag70.com m.anpinglansai.com m.asshishicai.com m.baoshidamall.com m.bjoso.com m.bocdima.com m.bxxyzl.com m.cdjutaiedu.com m.cl1899.com m.cpexe.com m.cztxhg666.com m.diejuji66.com m.dmgjzx.com m.dphhw.com m.elitecld.com m.esexfree.com m.ezupdos.com m.fanfan-zone.com m.fengwoyidong.com m.getfault.com m.hcxiangjiao.com m.hf556.com m.hongfushangmao.com m.huibobet.com m.hyhatch.com m.hzybqh.com m.ibroyeur.com m.jiangyaqing.com m.ksuca.com m.liangdianjiaoyu.com m.lovegwu.com m.mayihuobang.com m.miaoxiangshike.com m.miiqin.com m.modelslimming.com m.msjyhs.com m.mysoushou.com m.myteenssex.com m.nanahey.com m.o48d.com m.o8jw.com m.pzsyr.com m.qgbrs.com m.rbrbt.com m.rfynq.com m.rqwdt.com m.rxbled.com m.rxdmn.com m.sct-ys.com m.sdyxtjy.com m.spark-eo.com m.spyware-pcrisk.com m.sxlrr.com m.syhrzg.com m.tadeyijia.com m.tengjingkj.com m.tiantianoa.com m.tykjr.com m.uxf7.com m.weakbug.com m.wgppd.com m.xajyz.net m.xiqidai.com m.yczszw.com m.youxiaad.com m.yue8888.com m.yzkths.com m.zqbf137.com m.zqssc05.com m.zsbxp.com m.zspxk.com m.zsxscj.com www.88366666.com www.942dn.com www.lottimes.com www.opc32.com www.ss-tm.com www.tiaopigui.com www.xmyinhe.com www.mfkof.com www.upsbbs.com www.gzesmb.com www.niqzone.com www.m-instyLe.cn m.1yguz.com m.2huoo.net m.51bpbpz.net m.53zy.net m.5ecn.net m.91youhui.net m.adospados.com m.afty.net m.afzn.net m.baobeiqianbao.net m.bestmeet.net m.bjbna.net m.bjkjwj.net m.cg365sc.net m.cnyntq.net m.congdash.net m.coybcs.net m.csoug.net m.dijier.net m.djhsc.net m.donghuiwan.com m.dsi-ag.com m.dzshgwx.net m.eamoy.net m.ecopote.com m.ehuiche.net m.eiconf.net m.eimeeting.net m.ez-ns.com m.freshkpop.net m.gaoxiaoduanzi.net m.glxiduobao.com m.guiqin.net m.guogai.net m.gydushu.com m.haokan5.net m.hltjq.net m.hshardcover.com m.huangjinnc.com m.huangzhe0910.com m.i517.net m.icauto.net m.ijiawei.net m.iyaorao.net m.iyuwei.net m.izxs.net m.jlskjk.com m.jnrstc.com m.jnxins.com m.joinchampions.com m.jsywym.net m.juezhe.net m.julisports.net m.kardon023.com m.keiee.net m.kkdb168.com m.ksb120.net m.kzbiz.net m.laziw.com m.lcoder.net m.lefuxx.com m.live-cam4sex.com m.louboutinb.com m.ly568.net m.matengfei.net m.mblabc.net m.mcmcmc.net m.meitwo.net m.miyueing.com m.mjrgb.com m.mmd47.com m.mms39.com m.nanjingwx.com m.naodongxueyuan.com m.ncwywk.com m.neimengguly.com m.newcityvr.com m.newhnwg.com m.ngzrb.com m.nianlai.net m.niuhuotong.com m.nj142.com m.nmgmmw.com m.nnwsn.com m.nongtaifruit.com m.npymh.com m.nqbcs.com m.nwezq.com m.oe2pq.com m.p950r.com m.panoad.net m.papasj.com m.pcfordlm.com m.pinkypunk.com m.pojox.net m.popo365.net m.portalfan.net m.qhy360.com m.qinghuayingyu.com m.qingjiankeji.com m.qirongzhongchou.net m.qiutianzichan.com m.quanminkuaiduobao.com m.quansiweizhiyuan.com m.readc.net m.rpocr.net m.sdell.net m.sdhzz.net m.senrijin.com m.shangzewangluo.com m.shanmeme.com m.shanrenzixunjituan.com m.shengwh.com m.shengzhiqi.net m.shfongwei.com m.shiguangji888.com m.shiyihui.net m.shop666.net m.shoppniac.com m.shyarun.com m.softsweet.net m.sxsgky.net m.szifresh.com m.tahuyu.net m.taiyear.net m.taowogo.com m.taxionghaizi.com m.thirftyfun.com m.tiqianme.com m.tjcbmy.com m.tjynet.com m.tyc1413191.com m.v-liandong.com m.v-quick.net m.vrwar.net m.walyy.net m.we30.net m.weixd.net m.wenancn.net m.wetrussian.com m.wuaimei.net m.wuyutong.net m.wzj0759.com m.xianyoujie.com m.xiaolangli.com m.xiaolieai.com m.xiawangshipin.com m.xiyuesh.com m.xuanf.net m.xyflower.net m.xzcit.net m.yifoobao.net m.yjhzttjq.com m.yjk1997.com m.ylmov.net m.yongyijinfu.com m.yueguoji.net m.zhansen8.com m.zhaokuandai.com m.zhc-nj.com m.zhongruiedu.com m.zivdoll.com m.zjjyjn.com m.zmkaolu.com m.zmtbs.com m.zmysjh.com m.zzfreemaker.com